Reference Services: Copyright Statement
- General Copyright Statement Regarding Reference Services
- What May Be Copied
- User's Responsibilities
- Library's Responsibilities
The University Libraries provide reference and information services that support research and instructional needs of the university community. The primary function of these services is to assist and instruct users in accessing, evaluating, and using information, and to enhance users' understanding of the economic, legal, and social issues associated with the use of information. Such transactions may take place in person in an office or at a service desk, or over the phone, email, or Internet "chat" session.
Library users who need reproductions are generally referred to self-service facilities, mediated copy/scanning services, or interlibrary loan. However, on rare occasions reference staff may reproduce materials (usually of a "ready-reference" nature) to facilitate a reference transaction or accommodate a special need.
The following may be reproduced in the course of a reference transaction:
- Entire works or sections of works that are in the public domain
- Entire works or sections of works by the U.S. government
- Entire works or sections of works used with permission (obtained in writing) from the copyright holder
- Entire works or sections of works used under the provisions of Section 108 (Reproduction by Libraries and Archives)
- Portions of books, journal issues, and other print resources that meet a reasonable determination of fair use
- Works used under the provisions of a contract or license agreement; such agreements may differ from, and often take precedence over, what is allowed under copyright law
Library staff reserve the right to refuse or limit requests if, in their judgment, the requested materials and/or intended use would exceed fair use or otherwise constitute copyright infringement.
- Users should generally use self-service facilities, mediated copy/scanning services, or interlibrary loan if they need reproductions.
- Any materials made available through library reference services are to be used solely for non-commercial personal study, scholarship, research, or teaching purposes.
- Users should request only the amount of material needed.
- Reproductions of copyrighted materials made available through reference services become the property of the user and should not be reproduced for further distribution, except where there is a reasonable determination of fair use.
- Library staff will not make and/or distribute reproductions of copyrighted works if they have notice that the reproduction will be used for anything other than non-commercial personal study, scholarship, research, or teaching purposes.
- Library staff will determine appropriate limits on materials to be copied and distributed. They will not knowingly engage in replication or distribution of multiple copies of the same material, except where there is a reasonable determination of fair use. The library will consult the user in making these determinations when necessary.
- Library staff will not reproduce and distribute musical works, pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, motion pictures or other audiovisual works, except where there is a reasonable determination of fair use.
- Reproductions made in the course of a reference transaction service will display the appropriate copyright notice.
Content in this page was used or adapted with permission from one or more institutions. Please see acknowledgements.
Information in this page was reviewed and approved by legal counsel. Please see disclaimer. Review date: September 2007.